Said bin Sultan Al-Said (5 June – 19 October ) was Sultan of Muscat and Oman from From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . Sayyid Abdu'l-Aziz bin Said al-Said (–); Sayyid Khalifah bin Said Al-Busaid, 3rd Sultan of. Existence must be a predicate, or else when we say 'black exists', we Sayyid Manazir Ahsan Gilani as Falsafa-yi Mulla Sadra, Karachi. Back to Online Encyclopedia Index. "Image Ownership: Public Domain". Seyyid Said, also known as Said ibn Sultan, was a resourceful and energetic sultan of. The term or name Sayyid is an honorific title added to the names of males who claim A Punjabi version of the word is - Said, as in Said Khan. Edward Wadie Said was a professor of literature at Columbia University, a public intellectual, Zamir, Shamoon (), "Saïd, Edward W.", in Jones, Lindsay, Encyclopedia of Religion, Second Edition, 12, Macmillan Reference USA, Thomas. Prostitution, he said, was rampant and the West would soon learn that . Sayyid Ala Abdul Minhaj al-inquilab al-Islami Maududi, The Method of the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.
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Female sayyids are given the titles SayyidaSyedaAlawiyah or Sharifa. In some regions of the Islamic worldsuch as in India, the descendants of Muhammad are given the title Amir or Mir, meaning commandergeneral please note Amir is also a name commonly used, as is any variant of Sayyid or Sayyida.
The descendents of the Islamic Prophet Muhammed honour the possession of family trees tracing back their ancestry. In other regions, they are called Shah. Children wtyczka java tm for windows a Sayyida mother but a non-Sayyid father are referred to as Mirza. In the Arab worldsayyid is the equivalent of the English word " liege lord " or "master" when referring to a descendant of Muhammad, as in Sayyid Ali Sultan.
Although reliable statistics are unavailable, conservative estimates put the number of Sayyids in the tens of millions. Members of this clan are referred to as Hashemites.
The Hashemites Arabic: The House was also the royal family of SyriaHejaz — and Iraq — The family belongs to the Dhawu Awn, one of the branches of the Hasanid Sharifs of Mecca — also referred to as Hashemites — who ruled Mecca continuously from the 10th century until its conquest by the House of Saud in Their eponymous ancestor is Hashim ibn Abd Manaf, great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Traditionally, Islam has had a rich history of the veneration of relicsespecially of those attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
In the early period, the Arabs used the term Sayyid and Sharif to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. However, in the modern sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia, the term 'Sharif' Sharifah for females has been used to denote descendants from Hasan, and the term 'Sayyid' SayyidahSyeda for females has been used to denote descendants from Husayn.
Sayyids often include the following titles in their names to indicate the figure from whom they trace their descent. Hashemi or Shah. For non-Arabic speakers When transliterating Arabic words into English there are two approaches. However, Allawis are not descendants of Muhammad, as they are descended from the children of Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia and the women he married after the death of Fatima, such as Umm ul-Banin Fatima bint Hizam.
Some Sayyids also claim to be " Najeeb Al Tarfayn ", meaning "Noble on both sides", which indicates that both of their parents are Sayyid.
But in actuality this term is applied only to those Sayyids who have both Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain in their ancestry. These Sayyids, especially in the Arab world, would keep the prefix of Sayyid P nk album or Shareefaynor Sayyidayn or Sheikh Assayyid before their names, followed by their father's and grandfather's names and then the clan's and tribe's names followed by AlHasani bil Hussaini or Al Hussaini bil Hasanidepending on which Imam is patrilineal or matrilineal.
Many Sayyids, especially in South Asia and Shia Sayyids, think that only the progeny of both Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia parents are called Najeeb Al Tarfaynbut this idea may be attributed to a lack of knowledge in Arabic language and Genealogy.
Hence, Shia and Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia Sayyids have different interpretations of this concept. In the Arab world Najeeb AlTarfayn Saadah would keep two white-colored daggers as opposed to just one by other Sayyids to demarcate their superiority amongst them. Hence their International coat of arms also shows two daggers. The existence of any descendant of Hasan al Askari is disputed by many people. However, it is believed by Shia followers of the Twelve Imams that Hasan al-Askari had a son called Muhammad al-Mahdi secret maryo chronicles 0.97 games, who will be the redeemer of Islam.
It definitely indicates that al-Askari had sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia and it also substantiates the existence of Muhammad al Mahdi. Whether Al Askari had children or not is still disputed may be because of the political conflicts between sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia followers of the Imamah and the leadership of the Abbasids and Ghulat Shiites who do not believe in Hasan al-Askaris Imamah.
Another group of historians studying the pedigrees of some Central Asian saints' "shejere" genealogy treesbelieve that the Twelfth Imam was not the only son of Hasan al-Askari, and that the Eleventh Imam had two sons, Sayyid Muhammad i. In her book Pain and Grace: Annemarie Schimmel writes:. In his Usul, al-Kafi writes:. When the caliph got news of Hasan 'Askari's illness, he instructed his agents to keep a constant watch over the house of the Imam If a woman was found pregnant she sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia detained and imprisoned Men belonging to the Sayyid families or tribes in the Arab world used to wear White or Ivory colored daggers like JambiyasKhanjars or Shibriyas to demarcate their nobility sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia the other Arab men although this custom has been restricted due to the local laws of the variously divided Arab countries.
Wearing Turbans of various colors especially white, black, green, yellow, orange or maroon is still done in its place and this practice has been followed more by the Non Arab Sayyids than Arabic speaking ones. The Sayyid families in Iraq are so numerous that there are books written especially to list the families and connect their trees. Sayyids in Afghanistan are living in different regions, and they are called in different names like Sayed, Sadat, Padcha, Mir and Agha.
Therefore, they are either Hosaini or Mosavi; the mosavies are living in central regions and eastern part and Hosainies are living in different regions. Sayyids in Persian: The Safavids sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia transforming the religious landscape of Iran by imposing Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia Shiism on the populace. Since most of the population embraced Sunni Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia, and since an educated version of Shiism was scarce in Iran at the time, Ismail imported a new Shia Ulama corps who predominantly were Sayyids from traditional Shiite centers of the Arabic-speaking lands, such as Jabal Amel of southern LebanonSyriaBahrainand southern Iraq in order to sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia a state clergy.
The Safavids offered them land and money in return for loyalty. During the reign of Shah Abbas the Greatthe Safavids also imported to Iran more Arab Shias, predominantly Sayyids, built religious institutions for them, including many Madrasas religious schoolsand successfully persuaded sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia to participate in the government, which they had shunned in the past following the Hidden imam doctrine.
They were given accommodation free of charge. In Oman Sayyid is used by members of the Al Said ruling royal family. Such titles in Oman are hereditary through paternal lineage or in some exceptional circumstances may be given as an honorary title by Royal Decree.
In Yemen the Sayyids are more generally known as sadah ; they are also referred to as Hashemites. In terms of religious practice they are ShiaSunniand Sufi. The Sayyids in Libya are Sunni, including the former royal family, which is originally Zaidi-Moroccan also known as the Senussi family. Although millions of people in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal claim Hashemite descent Genealogy family trees 'Shajra' are looked into in identification of sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia authenticity of the claim to Hashemite descent.
Sayyids migrated many centuries ago from different parts of the Middle EastCentral Asia Turkestanduring the invasion of the Mongolsand other periods of turmoil such as during the periods of the Ghaznavid dynastyDelhi Sultanateand Mughal Empireencompassing a timespan of roughly until the late 19th century.
Sayyids migrated to Sindh and Uch in the north and settled there very early. Other early migrant Sayyids moved deep into the south, to the Deccan sultanates located in the Deccan Plateau region in the time of the Bahmani Sultanateand later the Qutb Shahi kings of GolkondaNizam Shahi of Ahmednagarand other kingdoms of BijapurBidarand Berar.
Their names figure in Indian history at the breakup of the Mughal Empire, when the Sayyid Brothers created and dethroned Emperors at their will — The first Muslims appointed to the Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia of India and the first appointed to the privy council were both Sayyids. Syedswherever they went, were respected by local communities. Most of them were assigned religious duties by local leaders. When the Muslim conquest of South Asia began, Turkish Iranian and Afghan Islamic forces from Central Asia also brought with them many Syed religious scholars who not only used to perform religious rites in the army but also preached Islam to the local population.
Among them were the ancestors of modern-day Tirmizi and Naqvi al-Bukhari Syeds. During the entire period of Mughal ascendancy in the Indian sub-continentthe Mughals acknowledged Karlughs as the rulers of Pakhli sarkar. In addition, probably due to their common Central Asian origin, Mughals never levied taxes on the state of Pakhli Sarkar.
This revolt was successfully put down after sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia siege of several months by Syed Jalal Baba, and their allies, the Yousafzaisdefeated Shamsher Khan, who was killed in battle and Sultan Khurd imprisoned by Syed Hussain Ali Khan Barha in Delhi until his death. The Sayyid Brothers became highly influential in the Mughal Court after Aurangzeb 's death and became kingmakers during the anarchy following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in They created and dethroned Mughal Emperors at their will during the s.
Syed Hassan Ali Khan Barha was fatally poisoned in Syed Jalal Baba issued an ultimatum to either accept Islam or be ready for battle. A bloody battle started among Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims at the place of Shamdhara named "Kundiyan"; this area still exists between Shamdhara Yousafzai families still live there and are called Khankhel and Chajjar Syedan the Tirmizi families still live there.
Signs of the ancient battles are easily found: After a siege of several months, Hindus and Sikhs asked for safe passage to leave Shamdhara. After the Karlugh Turks were overthrown the Turks retained small lands everywherethe tribes of the Syeds and Yousafzai established their rule on the plains of Pakhli the Chattarin the mountains of Kaghanand in the Agror Valley.
These areas were then divided among the above-mentioned tribes. However, after the fall of Jhanjer Fort and Shamdhara, Syed Jalal Baba and his allies gained control of the area, and from that base embarked on military campaigns across the state. Since they met with little resistance, the Syeds and Yousafzai easily entered the Rush area of Hazara. Many Syeds and Yousafzai were killed and arrested by the British. Some Yousafzai made a truce with British, and now they all are titled as Khan of their areas.
The British built a fort in currently the headquarters of the Frontier Constabulary Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia Oghi District and deployed a battalion there. They also built a check post on the highest place of Oghi from which they watched and observed their enemies this check post still exists and is known as "Picket".
The tribes had been involved in fighting sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia British for quite some time, and a number of famous 'Black Mountain Expeditions' or 'Campaigns' took place between and the s. A brief account of the British Expeditions against the Tor Ghar tribes follows:. Meanwhile, The Islamic State of Swat was established in under Syed Akbar Shah the grandson of Pir Baba with Sharia law remaining in force, but the state was in abeyance from to The Sayyid population in India is distributed.
The total population of Sayyids in India is 7,, the largest populations being those of Uttar Pradesh 1,Maharashtra 1,Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu, with 25, in Jammu and Kashmir.
There is a big community of Sayyids settled in and around the Nanganallur region in Chennai. They can trace their ancestry directly to the Sayyids of Iraq. Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia are considered to be the first Muslim settlers in North India. Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud had no children. Akbar later appointed Shustari sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia his chief justice, and Shustari used his position to strengthen the position of the various Sayyid families.
They were preferred in administrative posts, and formed a privileged elite. When the Mughal Empire disintegrated, the Sayyid played an important role in turbulent politics of the time. The new British colonial authorities that replaced the Mughals after the Battle of Buxar also made a pragmatic decision to work with the various Sayyid jagirdars.
Several Sayyid taluqdars in Awadh were substantial landowners under the British colonial regime, and many other Sayyid still played their part in the administration of the state. In —18 the family conquered and settled in Bilgram. Perhaps the most famous Sufi that belonged to a Sayyid family was Syed Salar Masud, from whom many of the Sayyid families of Awadh claim their descent.
They generally speak Urduand most also understand the various dialects of Hindi. The Sayyid are divided along sectarian lines, with a slight majority belonging to the Shia sect, especially in the Awadh region, while the Sunni are found mainly in the western districts.
They are further divided into discreat endigamous clans, bases on territorial groupings.
Said bin Sultan Al-Said Arabic: Said bin Sultan was son of Sultan bin Ahmadwho ruled Oman from to Sultan bin Ahmad died in on an expedition to Basra. Early in Qais and his brother Mohammed marched south along the coast to Muttrahwhich he easily captured. Qais then started to besiege Muscat. Mohammed bin Nasir tried to bribe Qais to leave, but did not succeed.
Mohammed bin Nasir called on Badr bin Saif for help. Badr bin Saif became the effective ruler. Said was proclaimed ruler of Oman. Said was acclaimed by the people as a liberator from the Wahhabis, who left the country. Qais bin Ahmad at once gave his support to Said. Nervous of the Wahhabi reaction, Said blamed Mohammed bin Nasir for the murder.
Said bin Sultan became the sole ruler of Oman, apparently with the consent of his brother. Their aunt, the daughter of the Imam Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidiseems to have influenced this decision. Inhe ratified a treaty with the United States on very favorable terms, that had been negotiated by Edmund Roberts at Muscat on September 21, and returned by USS Peacock.
Inhe conquered MombasaKenya. Upon Said's death inhis realm was divided. The National Museum of Oman in Muscat houses numerous items of silverware and other possessions that belonged to Said. Said bin Sultan honors that included: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Said Bin Sultan Sayyid H. Said bin Sultan. Makusurani Cemetery . Badger, George Percy Reports from Committees. Great Britain.
House of Commons. Retrieved Barrett, Walter May 9, Brooklyn Genealogy Information Page. Second series. The Brooklyn Information Page Schuyler Livingston. Archived from the original updated daily on Retrieved May 8, He loads one sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia his own ships in the early part ofand sends her to Preguntale la trakalosa de monterrey mp3 s York, consigned to this house, that had been doing business with him for some time.
The Royal Ark. Retrieved 30 March Sayyid said wikipedia encyclopedia, Alexander I. The Arabic Text". Journal of the American Oriental Society. Gilbert, Wesley John April Richard Waters, American Consul ". Miles, Samuel Barrett The Countries and Tribes of the Persian Gulf. Garnet Pub. Retrieved 19 November Roberts, Edmund . Retrieved March 29, Ruete, Emily An Autobiography". World Digital Library. Ruschenberger, W. Sultans of Oman since Sultans of Zanzibar.